Toyota History

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2001-2007 Sequoia


The Sequoia was originally shown in car shows in 1999 and 2000, with full production starting in late 2000 as a 2001 model. Engine, driveline, and some sheetmetal components are shared with the Tundra, and shares the same basic chassis, with the exception of rear disc brakes and a more sophisticated multi-link live axle rear suspension. It received minor cosmetic updates for 2005 and gained a more powerful engine equipped with VVT-i, LED-backlit gauges, as well as a 5-speed automatic transmission, replacing the previous 4-speed. The Sequoia is slightly longer than the Land Cruiser, however, it is barely noticeable. At introduction it was larger than the Chevrolet Tahoe in most dimensions and similar in size to the Ford Expedition; its V8 engine was certified as Ultra Low Emission Vehicle. Frame assemblies and driveshafts are produced by Dana Corporation.

The Sequoia comes in two trim levels; SR5 and Limited. The SR5 starts at $32,820 while the more expensive Limited starts at $41,855. It is sold in both two-wheel drive and four-wheel drive versions.

Production 2001-2007
Engine(s) 4.7 L 240 HP V8 (2001)-(2004)
4.7 L 282 HP V8 with VVT-i (2005)
4.7 L 273 HP V8 with VVT-i (2006)-(2007)
Transmission(s) 4-speed automatic (2001-2004)
5-speed automatic (2005-present)
Wheelbase 118.1 in (3000 mm)
Length 203.9 in (5179 mm)
Width 2001-02 SR5 2WD: 76.0 in (1930 mm)
2003-04: 78.0 in (1981 mm)
2005-07: 78.9 in (2004 mm)
2003-04 SR5 2WD: 76.4 in (1941 mm)
Height 74.0 in (1880 mm)
2003-04 Limited 2WD: 75.8 in (1925 mm)
SR5 4WD: 73.6 in (1869 mm)
Limited 4WD: 75.6 in (1920 mm)
Limited 2WD: 75.2 in (1910 mm)
2005-07 SR5 2WD: 72.8 in (1849 mm)
2003-04 SR5 2WD: 73.2 in (1859 mm)
2003-04 Limited 4WD: 76.2 in (1935 mm)
2001-02 2WD: 73.0 in (1854 mm)
Fuel capacity 26.4 US gallons (99.9 L; 22.0 imp gal)

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2005- Present Tacoma


At the 2004 Chicago Auto Show, Toyota unveiled a bigger and more powerful Tacoma. This new Tacoma was available in eighteen different configurations, that included three cab configurations, four transmissions, two engines, and two bed lengths. Toyota also introduced an X-Runner trim, which replaces the slow selling S-Runner trim from the previous generation. The X-Runner features a 4.0 liter V6 with a six speed manual transmission, 18 in (457.2 mm)ch alloy wheels, and lowered two inches from the factory and included an X-Brace suspension package. The Tacoma's all new 4.0 liter V6 (1GRFE) took the place of the original 3.4 liter V6. The new 4.0 liter V6 had many enhancements, such as a new 6500 pound tow rating, and a payload capacity of 1650 pounds. The 4.0 liter produces 236 horsepower (176 kW) and 266 foot-pounds of torque. The smaller, 4 cylinder alternative to the 4.0 in less expensive models is the rated at 159 hp (119 kW) and 180 lb·ft (244 N·m). of torque. At 2.7 liters, it is much different than its predecessor 3RZ-FE, in that it has VVT-i and different build material. Toyota also included a Down-Hill Assist Control (DAC) and Hill-Side Assist Control (HAC), with models that were equipped with the optional Toyota Racing Development (TRD) packages. A locking rear differential, limited-slip differential were also some optional features. Every Tacoma was manufactured with a composite inner bed that includes a deck rail system with four tie down cleats, hook-pins, storage boxes, and a power outlet (models with TRD packages). The tie down cleats are rated to hold up to 220 lb (100 kg). The 2006 model Tacoma was a bit different from the 2005 model. The 2006 model made some options standard. Minor changes have been made to the 2007 models such as new engine which runs on regular gasoline and delivers better fuel economy than the previous models, and the seating system was updated. Toyota also added 2 new interior colors for 2007 model year. 2008 models are carry ons from 2007. The second generation Tacomas are assembled in Tijuana, Mexico and Fremont, California while the plastic/composite beds are all built in Mexico.

In Canada, the Tacoma is in the 2009 model year, it had received a new 6-disc CD player, new steering wheel controls, and a VSC system. The 2009 Tacoma will be introduced in the United States in late 2008.

Production 2005-present
Engine(s) 2.7 L (159 hp) I4
4.0 L (236 hp) V6
Transmission(s) 4-speed automatic
5-speed automatic
5-speed manual
6-speed manual
Wheelbase Regular Cab 4WD & PreRunner: 110.0 in (2794 mm)
Access Cab: 127.8 in (3246 mm)/127.2 in (3231 mm)
Double Cab Long Bed: 140.9 in (3579 mm)
Regular Cab 2WD: 109.4 in (2779 mm)
Length Regular Cab: 190.4 in (4836 mm)
Access Cab: 208.1 in (5286 mm)
Double Cab Long Bed: 221.3 in (5621 mm)
Width 2WD Extended: 74.6 in (1895 mm)
2WD Regular: 72.2 in (1834 mm)
4WD: 74.7 in (1897 mm)
X-Runner: 74.0 in (1880 mm)
Height Extended Cab & 4WD Regular: 69.9 in (1775 mm)
Double Cab: 70.1 in (1781 mm)
Regular Cab 2WD: 65.7 in (1669 mm)
2005-06 X-Runner: 65.2 in (1656 mm)
2007-Present X-Runner: 72.2 in (1834 mm)
Curb weight (3550 lb)
(3950 lb)
Fuel capacity 79.9 litres (21.1 US gal; 17.6 imp gal)

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1996-2002 4Runner


1996 marked another significant redesign of the then-aging 4Runner. Whereas the transition to the second generation 4Runner was one that kept the build quality and options roughly on par with the rest of the mid-size SUV market, the changes made in the third generation turned the 4Runner into a more luxury-oriented vehicle. This move paralleled the upgrades to the 1996 Nissan Pathfinder, but moved the 4Runner into a distinctly different class from its older competitors, the Ford Explorer, Chevrolet Blazer, and Isuzu Rodeo. The third generation 4Runner did, however, look very similar to the second generation.

This similarity largely ended with its looks. It carried over the basic design and concept, but executed it differently with an all-new body shell on an all-new chassis. This time, it shared virtually nothing with the pickup it had originally evolved from, and had more in common with the Land Cruiser, as it shared its chassis with that of the Land Cruiser Prado.

The third generation 4Runner also featured new engines that are also installed in the first generation Toyota Tacoma pickup trucks. :

* 2.7L 3RZ-FE I4 replacing the previous 2.4L 22R-E I4; 150 hp (110 kW), max horsepower: 4800 rpm, torque: 177 ft·lbf (240 N·m), max torque: 4000 rpm;
* 3.4L 5VZ-FE V6 replacing the previous 3.0L 3VZ-E V6: power: 183 hp (136 kW), max horsepower: 4800 rpm, torque: 217 ft·lbf (294 N·m), max Torque: 3600 rpm.

In 1996 the 4Runner was dropped from sale in the UK, to be replaced by the Toyota Land Cruiser Prado, which was badged as the Toyota Land Cruiser Colorado.

1997 Models received a few minor updates, including the addition of a color keyed cargo cover.

1998 remained largely unchanged, save for a few changes in the electronics ie more ergonomic switch control panels and a newly designed 4 spoke steering wheel, which also necessitated a redesign of the air bag system.
1999-2000 Toyota 4Runner

1999 Models received both major cosmetic and interior enhancements. A new "fat lip" bumper was designed, as well as new projector style headlights, side marker lights, and front turn signals. Vehicles with "Limited" trim received color-keyed running boards, front and rear bumpers, and flares. The ergonomics of the interior was completely changed, moving all the controls to the center of the dash for the rear window, and defrost. The Limited trucks also received a brand-new electronic temp control, and upgraded stereo.

2000 Models received new transparent taillights and new front grille design. The wheels were also changed to a five-spoke design rim. Limited models received newly designed five spoke wheels as well, however different from SR5 and base model. Also included was a new, sleeker side view mirror design.

Significant changes from the second generation models include a larger body on a longer wheelbase, increased interior space, increased cargo space, twin airbags, ABS, lift-up tailgate, coil-sprung suspension all round, rack and pinion steering. Additionally, Hilux Surf versions immediately moved to 16-inch wheels and gained a center differential, enabling the use of four wheel drive on hard surfaces without complication for the first time. The prior system was retained to give on-the-fly shifting between rear and four wheel drive as before.

Also called Toyota Hilux Surf
Production 1996–2002
Assembly Tahara, Aichi, Japan
Hamura, Tokyo, Japan
Body style(s) 4-door SUV
Engine(s) 2.7 L 3RZ-FE I4
3.4 L 5VZ-FE V6
3.0 L 1KZ-TE turbodiesel I4
Transmission(s) 4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Wheelbase 105.3 in (2675 mm)
Length 1996-98: 178.7 in (4539 mm)
1999-2000: 183.2 in (4653 mm)
2001-02: 183.3 in (4656 mm)
Width 2WD: 66.5 in (1689 mm)
Limited: 70.9 in (1801 mm)
Height 1999-2002: 67.5 in (1715 mm)
1999-2002 Limited: 68.5 in (1740 mm)
1996-98: 66.5 in (1689 mm)
1996-98 Limited: 68.7 in (1745 mm)

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2002-2009 4Runner


The fourth-generation 4Runner incorporated serious changes to the chassis and body of the vehicle, but was targeted at approximately the same demographics as the third generation. Based on the Land Cruiser Prado 120 series, the updated 4Runner looks very different from the older 4Runners, but is still targeted as a mid-size quasi-luxury SUV. Available trims are currently the SR5, Sport Edition, and the Limited. An all-new 4.0 L 1GR-FE V6 is standard in the current 4Runner, but for the first time, a V8 became available for the fourth generation models. The same 4.7 L 2UZ-FE V8 found in the Land Cruiser, Tundra, and Sequoia is now an available option for the fourth generation, and produces 260 hp (194 kW) and 306 lb·ft (415 N·m) of torque.

When it was first introduced for the 2003 model year, the SR5 and Sport Edition models used gray plastic cladding and bumpers. In early 2003, Toyota added an optional Appearance Package for the SR5 model that included color-keyed cladding, bumpers, and liftgate trim. In April 2003, Toyota made the Appearance Package, along with the previously optional fog lamps, running boards, and 16-inch aluminum wheels, standard on the SR5. The Sport Edition also added black running boards and color-keyed trim, replacing the grey cladding and silver-painted grille, door handles and liftgate trim. A new suspension system, "X-REAS", became standard on the Sport Edition and optional for SR5 and Limited models. The system links the shocks diagonally by means of hydraulic hoses and reduces body roll during hard cornering.

In 2004, a tire pressure warning system was added as standard equipment. A 3rd row seat became optional on the SR5 and Limited models.

The 2005 model brought enhancements to the optional V8 engine and made a 5-speed automatic standard on the V6 model. Slight changes were made to the exterior including color-keyed bumper trim (replacing the silver painted trim on all colors except Dorado Gold) on the SR5 and Limited; a chrome grille on the SR5; a black roof-rack and running boards (replacing silver) on the Limited; and a redesigned rear spoiler. A Salsa Red Pearl scheme was also introduced for all trim levels, although a similar color scheme was available for third generation models.

The 2006 model year marked the fourth generation's mid-cycle refresh. The changes included revised front and rear bumpers; a reworked grille; new projector-beam headlamps and LED tail lamps; additional chrome trim on the SR5 model; and a smoked-chrome grille with tubular roof-rack and step bars on the Sport Edition. The revised front bumper features circular fog lights and a relocation of the turn-signals to the headlamp assembly. The redesigned bumper eliminates the rear bumper reflectors. MP3 playback capability and an auxiliary input jack were added to all audio systems. In addition, the Limited model was further differentiated from the other trim levels with the addition of unique 18" wheels and a seat memory system.

For 2007, the 4Runner is unchanged with the exception of a new gray-colored variant: Shadow Mica.

For 2008, the 4Runner receives standard side air bags, a switch to disable Vehicle Stability Control (VSC), slightly modified front grille design, refinements in the Tire Pressure Monitoring System, and some changes in the seatbelt warning system and brake system control.

For 2009 the 4runner is unchanged and this design will be phased out by mid 2009 to make room for an all new 4runner to debut.

Also called Toyota Hilux Surf
Production 2003–present
Assembly Tahara, Aichi, Japan
Hamura, Tokyo, Japan
Body style(s) 4-door SUV
Engine(s) 4.0 L 1GR-FE V6
4.7 L 2UZ-FE V8
Transmission(s) 5-speed automatic
Wheelbase 109.8 in (2789 mm)
Length 2003-05: 189 in (4800.6 mm)
2006-present: 189.2 in (4806 mm)
Width 2003-05: 73.8 in (1875 mm)
2006-present: 75.2 in (1910 mm)
Height 2003-05 SR5: 68.9 in (1750 mm)
2003-05: 71.6 in (1819 mm)
2006-present SR5: 69.3 in (1760 mm)
2006-present Sport: 71.3 in (1811 mm)
2006-present Limited: 71.1 in (1806 mm)

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2007-Present FJ Cruiser


The Toyota FJ Cruiser (FJC) is a retro-style compact SUV produced by Toyota introduced as a concept at the 2003 Chicago Auto Show and in production form at the following North American International Auto Show. It went on sale in early 2006 as a 2007 model and features styling reminiscent of the original Toyota FJ40 Land Cruisers from the 1960s (particularly the front fascia and wrap around rear windows) and is based on the Land Cruiser Prado platform. The FJ Cruiser was not originally intended for production but due to enormous consumer response about the car following the North American International Auto Show, production eventually began in early 2006. All FJ Cruisers are built by Hino Motors in Hamura, Japan.

Manufacturer Hino Motors
Production 2007–present
Assembly Hamura, Tokyo, Japan
Class Compact SUV
Body style(s) 2+2-door SUV
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Platform Toyota Hi-Lux platform
Engine(s) 4.0 L 1GR-FE V6
Transmission(s) 6-speed manual (4WD only)
5-speed automatic
Wheelbase 105.9 in / 2690 mm
Length 183.9 in / 4671 mm
Width 74.6 in / 1895 mm
Height 71.3 in / 1800 mm (2WD)
72.0 in / 1819 mm (4WD)
Curb weight 4050 lb / 1837 kg (2WD)
4290 lb / 1946 kg (4WD manual)
4295 lb / 1948 kg (4WD automatic)
Fuel capacity 19.0 US gal / 72 L

Market placement

Base pricing is between US$ 22,545 and US $24,135 ([2]). At 183.9 inches in length, the FJ Cruiser is the longest compact SUV offered in North America, with dimensions closer to the Hyundai Santa Fe and slotting between the smaller RAV4 (181.1 in. overall length; originally rumored to be replaced by the FJ Cruiser) and the mid-size Highlander (184.6 in. overall length).

The addition of the FJ Cruiser adds a sixth SUV in Toyota's American lineup, meaning Toyota will have two compact SUVs (the RAV4 and FJ Cruiser), two mid-size SUVs (Highlander and 4Runner), and two full-size SUVs (Sequoia and Land Cruiser). One in each category is biased for on-road use, while the other caters to more off-road enthusiasts (though the Sequoia and Land Cruiser are body-on-frame SUVs, the Sequoia is generally more car-like). It is also Toyota's only current vehicle to use the name Toyota spelled out across the grille instead of the corporate emblem (the first since the 1994 Toyota Land Cruiser), a nod to the classic FJ40 and Land Cruiser family and to older Toyotas before the introduction of the Toyota emblem in 1990 for the 1991 model year. This off-road vehicle usually attracts young buyers that want a sporty vehicle that is built for the off-road terrain.

Toyota began selling the FJ Cruiser in Mexico as a 2008 model.

[edit] Specifications

[edit] Engine

The FJ Cruiser uses the 4.0L 1GR-FE DOHC V6 with VVT-i, rated at 239 hp (178 kW) at 5200 rpm, and 278 lb-ft (377 N·m of torque at 2700 rpm ([3]). It is the same engine that is used in the Tacoma and 4Runner. Premium fuel is recommended to produce the fuel efficiency that is officially reported by Toyota, though actual efficiency varies based on a variety of conditions.

[edit] Drivetrains

* 5-speed A750E automatic transmission (on rear-wheel drive models)+ a double rear track on the front wheels.
* 5-speed A750F automatic transmission with VF2A transfer case(made in Japan) (on Part-time 4x4 models)
* 6-speed RA61F manual transmission with VF4B transfer case and limited slip differential (on Full-time 4x4 models)

[edit] 4WD System

4WD models equipped with the RA61F manual transmission have a full time 4wd system that is permanently engaged for use on all surfaces, both on and off road. Automatic transmission 4WD models have a simpler part time system which can only operate in 4WD mode on slippery surfaces without binding and possible damage to the 4WD system.

[edit] Suspension

The FJ Cruiser uses a high-mounted, double-wishbone front suspension and stabilizer bar, and a 4-link rear suspension with lateral rod with coil springs and stabilizer bar. The 120-series Land Cruiser Prado shares the same suspension parts as the FJ Cruiser.

[edit] Brakes

The FJ Cruiser uses power-assisted 4-piston front/2-piston rear ventilated disc brakes with Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) with Electronic Brake-force Distribution (EBD) and Brake Assist and is also equipped with vehicle stability control (VSC).

[edit] Body

The FJ's body features rear access doors that give a unique look to the SUV. The FJ captures its heritage with its short wheel base, stocky frame, and grille/headlight arrangement. The windshield is nearly vertical with three windshield wipers for maximum surface area coverage. Structurally, it is a "body on frame" truck style design based on the Toyota Hi-Lux truck platform. Toyota has made revisions to the engine bay inner fender aprons due to some bulging and cracking issues with 2007 and some early 2008 models. The bulges and cracks in the inner fenders were attributed to a Toyota design flaw through certain VIN numbers. Some speculation was made that aftermarket steel bumpers had put extra weight and stress on the fenders, causing them to crack, but hundreds of FJ's equipped with aftermarket bumpers suffered no damage. Toyota addressed the problem in most 2008 models by boxing the inner fender and adding a third layer of metal and a new bolt inside the fender.[1]

[edit] Features

The 2007 FJ Cruiser was available in 5 colors - "Sun Fusion" (yellow), "Black Cherry" (dark magenta), "Titanium Metallic" (silver), "Black Diamond" (black), and "Voodoo Blue" (blue). Available options and packages include:

* Convenience Package - tri-wiper configuration; a remote keyless entry system; cruise control; power outside mirrors with illuminated markers; rear privacy glass; rear wiper; rear intuitive parking assist; and daytime running lights.

* Upgrade Package 1 - 17-in., 6-spoke aluminum alloy wheels with P265/70R17 tires with exterior rear-door mounted full-size spare; Active Traction Control (4WD only); electronically locking rear differential; 115V, 400w power outlet; AM/FM 6-disc in-dash CD changer, MP3/WMA playback capability, and 8 speakers; exterior color-keyed door trim inserts; multi-information display floating ball type (with inclinometer, compass, and temperature); leather-wrapped steering wheel with integrated audio controls; and aluminum brush transmission lever and transfer lever (on 4WD models).

* Upgrade Package 2 - similar to Upgrade Package 1, except the stereo includes a subwoofer with off switch.

* Other options include driver and front passenger front-seat mounted side airbags and front- and second-row side curtain airbags.

There are a number of accessories available to the FJ Cruiser, including such things as running boards, rock rails, roof rack, front skid plate, brush guard, Garmin portable navigation device, spare tire cover, passenger-side armrest, dash applique, tow hitch, cargo mats, and cargo net.

[edit] TRD Special Edition

Toyota Racing Development (TRD) is also producing a limited-production "TRD Special Edition" FJ Cruiser, which includes such things as a TRD performance exhaust, TRD air filter, upgraded suspension components (TRD/Bilstein off-road tuned shocks, painted red), rock rails, and TRD badges. The TRD Special Edition is available only in an all-black paint scheme, and includes a black roof (instead of the traditional white), as well as 16-inch gun-metal gray finish wheels (instead of the traditional 17-inch bright aluminum), including the spare.

The TRD Special Edition includes mechanical changes to synchronize the locking differential with the active traction control (resulting in the rear differential no longer overriding the active traction), which enables the FJ Cruiser to navigate through difficult off-road terrain.

Production numbers for the TRD Special Edition are limited to 3,200 units for the 2007 model year. Base price for the TRD Special Edition FJ Cruiser is approximately US $23,735 (manual transmission) and US $24,145 (automatic transmission), with the TRD Special Edition package carrying a US $7,265 premium on manual transmission models, and US $7,250 for automatic models, for a total MSRP of approximately US $31,000 for manual transmission models and US $31,395 for automatic transmission models.

[edit] 2008 Model Year Changes

The 2008 model received only minor changes. 3 new colors were added: BRICK [02JX,03R8](Red), SANDSTORM [02JY,04U0](Beige) and ICEBERG [00580(White). The Iceberg, like all models, still has a white roof. The color Black Cherry Pearl (03P0) is discontinued. Added for 2008 to all models: Front Seat Mounted Side Airbags and Roll-Sensing Front and Rear Head / Side curtain airbags. Engine Immobilizer, Rear Window Wiper/Washer, Front Seat Side Sun Visors, Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS), Integrated Remote in Key.

The "B" package has been renamed "Off-Road package", and now includes P265/75R16 BFG Rugged Trail tires on alloy rims as well as Bilstein shock absorbers. The temperature/compass/inclinometer cluster that was previously on available in the "C" package also included. On US models, the roof rack is no longer included, but is available as a dealer add-on. Canadian models retain the roof rack. Other features from the 2007 "B" package are unchanged.

Canadian "C" package now receives SubWoofer to the FJammer Audio system, which was unavailable in Canada previously.

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The Toyota RAV4 was completely redesigned for the 2006 model year, on an all-new platform. The 2-door was dropped, leaving Toyota without a mini SUV until the 2009 Toyota Urban Cruiser, which is sold only in Europe. It still has the 2AZ-FE 2.4 L four-cylinder engine, which now produces 166 hp (124 kW) @ 6,000 rpm, up five from the previous year, and 165 lb·ft @ 4,000 rpm.[4] The North American RAV4 is also fitted with the 2GR-FE 3.5 L V6 engine as an option. This engine was later introduced into the Australian market RAV4 in 2007. The new RAV4 topped Toyota SUV sales in the United States for the first time. It is also the first generation of RAV4 to be offered in regular (for Asian and European markets, dropping the spare wheel from the rear) and extended (for North American and Australian markets) versions.

The extended-length RAV4 is larger by 21% in interior volume from the last generation and now has an available third-row seat for two small children (North America only). The RAV4 can still be had in either front-wheel-drive or four-wheel-drive in the United States; however, most countries, including Canada, only sell the four-wheel-drive version.

JDM models are X, G, and Sport. The X and G can be ordered with either front-drive or 4WD. The Sport model with over fender is 4WD only.

In Australia, the RAV4 is sold in 4-cylinder base CV, Cruiser, and Cruiser L trim levels, and CV6, SX6, and ZR6 6-cylinder variants. The extended-length RAV4 is sold in Japan as the Toyota Vanguard.

Currently, the RAV4 is produced in two locations in Japan: Toyota's Tahara, Aichi assembly plant, and under contract by Toyota Industries in its Nagakusa, Obu, Aichi plant. Since May 2008, all North American models are built at Toyota's Woodstock, Ontario, Canada assembly plant.

In Malaysia, only the 2.0 automatic variant is available, in a single trim level. This model uses the 1AZ-FE 4-cylinder, in-line 16-valve engine with DOHC and VVT-i. The output for this the 2.0 L RAV4 in Malaysia is at 112 kW (150 hp) at 6,000 rpm with a torque of 194 Nm (143 lb·ft) at 4,000 rpm.

[edit] Facelift of 2009

The 2009 year model was freshened in some markets with several changes the most noticeable being a new 4 cylinder engine. Some of the exterior changes include redesigned headlamps, tail-lamps, front grille and bumper, and foglight trim. The Limited model gets a different front grille and bumper cover. The Sport model features a bigger spoiler and red badging along with an option on the V6 to have the rear door without the spare. New features/options include turn signal mirrors, backup camera (with monitor built into rear view mirror), satellite navigation, smart keyless entry, a push start button, a multifunction meter display, etc. With the option of run-flat tires, there is no spare tire mounted on the rear. Much of the interior remains the same.

In North America, the 2009 RAV4 comes with an all-new 2.5-liter four-cylinder engine (elsewhere, the 2.4 litre engine remains), which is a low-friction design optimized for performance and fuel efficiency. It produces 179 horsepower (133 kW) at 6,000 rpm, along with 172 lb·ft. of torque at 4,000 RPM (versus 166 horsepower (124 kW) and 165 lb·ft. of peak torque of the previous 2.4-liter engine). The 2.5-liter engine employs Dual independent Variable Valve Timing with intelligence (VVT-i), which controls timing on both the intake and exhaust camshafts (compared to the intake-only previous 2.4-liter engine). The 269 horsepower (201 kW) 3.5-liter V6 engine continues. [5]

The 2009 D-4D will be upgraded to 150 horsepower (110 kW) and 340 Nm. The 2009 2.0 will get valvematic and produce 152 horsepower (113 kW) and 196 Nm.

Also called Toyota Vanguard (for LWB model)
Production 2006–present
Assembly Tahara, Aichi, Japan
Obu, Aichi, Japan
Woodstock, Ontario, Canada (from 2008)
Body style(s) 4-door SUV
Engine(s) 2.0 L I4
2.2 L diesel I4
2.4 L I4
2.5 L I4
3.5 L V6
Transmission(s) 6-speed manual
5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
5-speed automatic
Wheelbase SWB: 2560 mm (100.8 in)
LWB: 2660 mm (104.7 in)
Length 2006-08 LWB: 4600 mm (181.1 in)
SWB: 4395 mm (173 in)
2009- LWB: 181.9 in (4620 mm)
Width SWB: 1815 mm (71.5 in)
LWB: 1815 mm (71.5 in)
LWB Sport: 73.0 in (1854 mm)
Height LWB: 1685 mm (66.3 in)
LWB Sport & 2006-08 Limited: 68.7 in (1745 mm)
LWB Australia: 1695 mm (66.7 in)
SWB: 1720 mm (67.7 in)
2009- Limited LWB: 69.1 in (1755 mm)
Fuel capacity 60 L (15.9 US gal)

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2008-Present Highlander


Toyota revealed the second-generation Kluger and Kluger Hybrid at the 2007 Chicago Auto Show.[2][3] The sole powertrain in the ‘08 Kluger is a 270-horsepower 3.5-liter 2GR-FE V6 mated to a five-speed automatic. The previous 155 horsepower (116 kW) four-cylinder model with manual transmission has been discontinued. While the 3.5-liter has 55 more horses than the previous Kluger’s optional 3.3-liter V6, the dimensional increases add a claimed 500 pounds to the new Kluger’s curb weight of about 4,000 lb. Despite the increase in power and weight, the Kluger's gas mileage is only slightly lower on front-wheel drive models at 17 mpg-US (14 L/100 km; 20 mpg-imp) city / 23 mpg-US (10 L/100 km; 28 mpg-imp) highway (last gen: 19 mpg-US (12 L/100 km; 23 mpg-imp) city / 25 mpg-US (9.4 L/100 km; 30 mpg-imp) hwy), and similar to the predecessor on all-wheel drive models at 18 city / 24 highway.[4]

Currently, the Highlander/Kluger is produced in Japan for global markets. Toyota planned on building the Highlander in Blue Springs, Mississippi for the North American market in the 2011 model year. [5] However, the Prius will be built there instead, and the Highlander will instead be built at Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indiana in Princeton, Indiana, from the 2010 model year onward for North America, replacing Tundra production. [6] At this time, no decision has been made on Highlander Hybrid production at TMMI.

Three trim levels are offered (Base, Sport, and Limited) and buyers will also be able to choose between front-drive or all-wheel drive. Sport and Limited models get a standard rear-view camera that does not require purchasing the optional navigation system. Major options include leather seats, heated seats, a touch-screen navigation system, an upgraded stereo, a rear-seat DVD entertainment system, and a towing package that increases towing capacity to 5000 pounds. The five-passenger version was dropped, replaced by the 2009 Toyota Venza.

In Australia, the new generation Kluger was launched in August, 2007. There are three grades available, KX-R, KX-S and Grande. All grades are available with either 2WD or AWD. The base model KX-R is also available with either five or seven seats, whilst the latter grades are seven seaters only. Specifications are mostly similar to the US Highlander, sharing the same 3.5 litre V6 2GR-FE engine and five-speed automatic transmission. However, there are no plans at present to introduce a hybrid version of the Kluger into the Australian market.
2nd-gen Toyota Kluger, Australian Grande FWD

The NHTSA awarded the Highlander with five stars on side-impact crash tests.[7]

There has been news of reviving the 4-cylinder engine to the current Highlander in order to attract buyers looking for a gas efficient crossover SUV that aren't interested in the current Hybrid version

Production 2008-present
Assembly Miyawaka, Fukuoka, Japan
Princeton, Indiana, USA (2009-, North America only)
Engine(s) 3.5L 270 hp (200 kW) 2GR-FE V6
Transmission(s) 5-speed automatic
Wheelbase 109.8 in (2789 mm)
Length 188.4 in (4785 mm)
Width 75.2 in (1910 mm)
Height 69.3 in (1760 mm)
Hybrid: 68.1 in (1730 mm)
Curb weight 4,045 lb (1,835 kg)

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200 Series (2008–present)
Ninth generation - 200 Series Station Wagon 2008 Toyota Land Cruiser
Production 2008-present
Assembly Toyota Auto body
Yoshiwara, Aichi, Japan
Body style(s) 4-door SUV
Layout Front engine / four-wheel drive
Engine(s) 5.7L 381 hp Dual VVTi V8 Petrol
4.7L 288 hp VVTi V8 Petrol
4.5L 286 hp Intercooled Twin Turbo D-4D V8 Diesel
4.0L 240 hp DOHC with VVT-i Petrol
Transmission(s) 6-speed automatic
5-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Wheelbase 2850 mm (112.2 in)
Length 4950 mm (194.9 in)
Width 1970 mm (77.6 in)
Height 1880 mm (74 in)
Related Lexus LX

The Toyota Land Cruiser was redesigned for 2008. Known as the 200 Series, it will share the 2008 Lexus LX's platform and overall design. Though many time-honored Land Cruiser supporters have welcomed the re-invigoration of the mechanical aspects of the vehicle, the 200 Series has encountered criticism due to its controversial body restyling, with some claiming that Toyota has 'overdeveloped' the classic trademarked Land Cruiser identity in its efforts to fit the Land Cruiser in to modern 21st century motoring. Toyota presented its completely redesigned Land Cruiser in October at the 2007 Australian International Motor Show in Sydney. The vehicle entered production in September and was available for sale in November 2007. Although the new Land Cruiser was presented at its first motor show in Sydney, it was already on sale in Japan, launched there in September 2007. It also became available in Venezuela for sale early in November under the local nickname of "Roraima" (Taken from Monte Roraima in Venezuela). The 200 Series is offered in three different levels of trim in Australia and Oceania:

* VX
* Sahara

The 200 Series, offered numerous features and upgrades over its predecessor not limited to the cosmetic changes made to the body and interior, including:

* Smart Entry - A sensor is triggered when the remote is brought near the vehicle, allowing the user to simply touch the door handle to open it.
* Smart Start - Start/Stop push button for ignition; a key is not required.
* 4-zone climate control on Sahara models, with outlet vents increased from 18 to 28
* 10 airbags (VX & Sahara)
* Stronger and lighter frame

Various driver assist technologies not offered on previous models including:

* CRAWL; a four-wheel drive control system that operates like an off-road cruise control, automatically maintaining a low uniform vehicle speed.
* Downhill Assist Control
* A newly developed ABS system, the multi-terrain anti-lock braking system (ABS)
* Kinetic Dynamic Suspension System (KDSS)

Engine and transmission improvements include:

* An all new optional V8 Diesel engine, the 1VD-FTV (also used in the 70 Series).
* Automatic transmission standard across all levels of trim of the 200 Series, 5-speed manual transmission is offered only with the 4.0L GX models (in selected regions). A five-speed automatic gearbox is assigned to the 4.7L petrol models, while the 4.5L diesel models receive a six-speed automatic.

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2008-Present Sequoia


Toyota unveiled the 2008 Toyota Sequoia at the 2007 Los Angeles Auto Show. It was designed to look more like its platform counterpart, the Tundra. The model is based on the new Tundra, which was launched in February 2007. Major differences with the Tundra include a fully-boxed frame and a rear independent suspension featuring coil springs.

Improvements include an optional 381 horsepower 5.7 liter V8, optional power folding split third row seats, and larger dimensions in every area. The 2008 Sequoia comes in three trim lines: the SR5 and Limited, featured on the first generation, and new Platinum, which is exclusive for the Sequoia at the current time. Pricing ranges from about $35,000 to $55,000 depending upon the trim line and configuration.

The base engine is the 4.7 liter 276 horsepower V8 featured on the previous generation, though a newer replacement may be in the works. The 4.7 liter is standard on the SR5, while the Limited and Platinum models come standard with a 5.7 liter V8 engine. Four wheel drive is available on all models.

The interior of the 2008 Sequoia has been completely redesigned, featuring the new, somewhat controversial dash of the new Tundra. Typical options include DVD based navigation with backup camera, a DVD entertainment system, and seat warmers/coolers in the front row and warmers in the second row, available in Platinum trim. The HVAC system includes sun sensors to appropriately adjust airflow for each side of the vehicle. Exterior differences include door handle colors (color-keyed for the SR5; chrome for the Limited and Platinum), diamond-cut aluminum alloy wheels for the Platinum trim, and varying power-heated remote-controlled side mirrors. Standard features include a tilt and telescopic steering wheel, power windows and doors, dual sun visors, and a keyless entry system via remote control. The Limited includes audio, climate, and hands-free Bluetooth mobile phone system controls, an improved audio system, optitron gauges, and an auto-dimming rearview mirror with a HomeLink transceiver. The Platinum model includes a standard DVD navigation system with a backup camera, as well as Autonomous cruise control system AKA ~ Adaptative cruise control (ACC)

Seating arrangements are for seven or eight passengers, eight for SR5 and Limited models and seven for Platinum models. Power folding 60/40 split third row seats are available on the Platinum. The Toyota Sequoia has a towing capacity greater than any other SUV.[citation needed]

It is the main vehicle used in the series Prison Break on season 4. Also the main car for Bones.

In a Motor Trend comparison the Sequoia took 1st place

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2007-Present Tundra


A larger Tundra was introduced at the 2006 Chicago Auto Show. It had lifted cues of its smaller brother the Toyota Tacoma along with some cues from the Toyota FTX concept truck. The truck had many enhancements, such as a towing capacity of up to 10,000+ lb, a payload capacity of over 2,000 lb (910 kg), and a new 6-speed automatic transmission. The second generation Tundra has 3 engines available. A new 5.7 liter V8 that produces 381 horsepower (284 kW) and 401 pound-feet (544 N·m) of torque, a 4.7 liter V8 rated at 276 horsepower (206 kW) and 313 pound-feet (424 N·m) of torque, and a recently introduced 4.0 liter V6 rated at 236 horsepower (176 kW) and 266 pound-feet (361 N·m) of torque.

When the new Tundra first came out in February 2007 it was available in 31 configurations, which consisted of 3 bed lengths, 3 cab configurations, 4 wheel-bases, and 2 transmissions The new Double Cab replaces the previous generations Access Cab, and the all new Crew Max replaces the previous generations Double Cab, it is also built to compete with the Dodge Ram Mega Cab. The Double Cab is available with a 6 and a half foot bed, regular bed, or an 8-foot (2.4 m) long bed, while the Crew Max is only available with a 5 and a half foot short bed. The Tundra also features a new 6-speed automatic transmission with a manual shift mode which is standard with the 5.7 liter, and gives it a 0-60 time of 6.3 seconds, and a quarter mile time of 14.7 seconds. The 5.7 liter is a VVT-i (Variable Valve Timing with intelligence) engine, which is built to deliver power and fuel economy. The Tundra 5.7 liter 4x2's are rated to deliver an estimated 20 miles (32 km) to the gallon on the highway.

Toyota made the new Tundra useful for many construction workers, by including extra large door handles, deck rail system, integrated tow hitch, and headrests that can fit a worker with his hard hat on. The Tundra also includes as standard: an automatic limited slip differential (Auto LSD), vehicle stability control (VSC), traction control, electronic brake-force distribution (EBD), brake assist (BA), anti-lock brakes (ABS) and tailgate assist. However, its high starting MSRP of $22,290 makes it more expensive than the Chevy Silverado Work Truck (MSRP $17,860) and the base Ford F-150 (MSRP $17,345).

Some other changes Toyota included in the new Tundra are optional tow mirrors, a 27 US gal (102 L; 22 imp gal) fuel tank, available 22 inch alloy wheels, backup camera, Bluetooth, large center console (big enough to fit a 15 inch laptop), extra-large disc brakes, and the aforementioned 6-speed sequential automatic transmission.

The all new Tundra is assembled in two different locations, both inside the United States; Princeton, Indiana and San Antonio, Texas. Toyota Motor Company will assemble around 150,000 Standard and Double Cabs, and only 70,000 Crew Max's in 2007.

Production 2007-present
Body style(s) 2- and 4-door truck
Engine(s) 4.0L 1GR-FE V6
236 horsepower

4.7L 2UZ-FE vvt-i V8
276 horsepower
5.7L 3UR-FE V8
381 horsepower
Transmission(s) 5-speed automatic
6-speed automatic
Wheelbase 126.8 (3220 mm), 145.7 (3700 mm), 164.6 (4180 mm)
Length 209.8", 228.7", 246.7"
Width 79.9
Height Regular Cab 4WD: 76.2 in (1935 mm)
Regular Cab LB 4WD & Double Cab 4WD: 76.4 in (1941 mm)
CrewMax 4WD: 76.0 in (1930 mm)
Regular & Double Cab 2WD: 75.8 in (1925 mm)
CrewMax 2WD: 75.6 in (1920 mm)


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That is very nice. That was a lot of work and you did a great job.

I saw a couple of small things, front disk brakes on the FJ40 were actually standard starting in March 1975. You totally missed the 70 series which was imported in Canada and can be found in the US.

I sent you a PM on the following but I thought I'd post the following here as well. Some might find it interesting.

Toyota Land Cruisers follow this convention, I'll use the FJ40 as an example.
F= F series engine
J= Body built in Japan by Araco
40= the model series.

BJ40 = 4 cylinder diesel

UZJ100 = V8 UZ series engine

There are no FJ100's or FJ200's. A straight six wouldn't get those pigs moving at highway speed unless it was going down hill with a tail wind.

The 80 series stared with the F series engine as the FJ80 but when they changed to the FZ series engine it became the FZJ80

In other parts of the world you can get a HZJ105 which is a 6 cylinder diesel 100 series with a solid front axle.

The Lexus LX450 is comparable to the 80 series LC except built in various plants rather than by Araco. The LX470 has the same relation to the UZJ100. There is a similar relation between the Forerunner and some model of Lexus.